Unveiling the Curly Tail Pig

Introduction to the Curly Tail Pig

The curly tail pigs, also known as the Swisher, is a domesticated breed of pig native to the United States. It is a small breed of pig with distinctive white and black patterns on its coat. They have a short snout, upright ears, small legs, and a curly, long tail. The curly tail pigs are a popular choice for homesteaders and hobbyists due to their low-maintenance requirements and docile temperaments.

In this guide we will cover everything you need to know about the curly tail pig, including its physical characteristics, origin, characteristics, diet, behaviour, breeding, health, housing, and care.

Introduction to the Curly Tail Pig

The curly tail pig is a unique breed of pig that is known for its distinctive curly tail. This breed has been around for many years, but has recently gained popularity for its intelligence and its outgoing personality. This article will provide an overview of the physical characteristics, origin, behavior, diet, breeding, health, housing and care of the curly tail pig.

The Physical Characteristics

The curly tail pig has an average weight of about 300 pounds with some individuals reaching up to 500 pounds. They have short, but well-muscled legs, deep sides, and a slightly curved back. Their heads are round with broad snouts and their eyes and ears are set wide apart. The most obvious feature of the curly tail pig is its curly tail which can be as long as 18 inches.


The origins of the curly tail pig can be traced back to the late 1800s in England. It is believed that early breeders crossed various pig breeds to create the curly tail pig. This crossbreeding led to the distinct physical features and character traits of the curly tail pig.


The curly tail pig is known for its intelligence, curiosity, and outgoing personality. They are active and playful, especially when it comes to interacting with humans. They are also very vocal and will often communicate with their owners through grunts and snorts.


Pigs are omnivores, meaning they eat both plants and animals. A balanced diet for the curly tail pig should include grains, vegetables, fruits, and small amounts of meat. It is important to provide fresh, clean water at all times and to avoid overfeeding. Feeding too much can lead to obesity, which can cause health issues.

The Physical Characteristics of the Curly Tail Pig

Curly tail pigs may not be the biggest animals around, but they sure do stand out! This species of pig is one of the most recognizable animals with their curly tails and round faces. They have short, stout legs and a rounded body covered with short, smooth fur in a wide range of colors. Their heads are small and topped with two eyes and two ears, and their snouts are long and pointed. The average size of a mature curly tail pig is about 12-14 inches tall and 28-35 pounds.

One of the most distinguishing features of this animal is their curly tail. It is a tight spiral that can extend up to almost six inches long. The color of the tail can vary from white to black and everything in between.

While most known for their curly tails, curly tail pigs also have different colored coats that vary depending on their breed. Some common coat colors are white, grey, brown, black, and spotted.

The Physical Characteristics of Curly Tail Pigs

Curly Tail Pigs, also known as the Guinea Hog, are a small breed of domesticated pig whose name is derived from their distinctive curly tail. The breed typically weighs between 120 and 250 pounds and stands between 16 and 24 inches tall, with males usually being larger than females. They have a slim build, with sturdy, straight legs and long snouts. Their ears are drooping, and their fur is usually short and coarse. They come in many different colors, including black, white, brown, grey and red.

Curly Tail Pigs have a gentle disposition and are known for their intelligence. They are able to form close bonds with their owners and are very social animals who prefer to be part of a herd.


Curly tail pigs originate from the Caribbean Islands, where they were commonly kept as pets due to their friendly nature and intelligence. They were believed to be a cross between the Guinea hog and the razorback pig, which resulted in the curly-tailed variety.

In the late 1700s, they were introduced to the United States. Nowadays, they are bred mainly by farmers as a source of food, and as farm animals due to their relatively low cost and hardy nature.

The Origins of the Curly Tail Pig

The curly tail pig, or Kune Kune as they are also known, originate from New Zealand where they were first discovered in the 1880s. They are descended from wild boars brought to New Zealand by the Maori people. These small, sturdily built pigs are well adapted to their indigenous environment, and are now a popular pet for many households.

These pigs are most well-known for their unique curly tail and distinguishable patches of short, thick bristles that often extend beyond their wiry coats. Their build is low to the ground and rounded with a plump body and large ears. The coloration of their coat can vary from black, ginger, grey, brown or a combination of all four.

Characteristics of the Curly Tail Pig

The curly tail pig is a fascinating breed of pig, known for their intelligence and playful personalities. They are active animals that need plenty of mental and physical stimulation to thrive.

Curly tail pigs are quite intelligent, able to learn commands and interact with humans in a positive manner. Given the appropriate environment and socialization, they can be great pets. They can also be trained to use a litter box and to play with toys.

Curly tail pigs have a friendly disposition and they are quite social animals. They should not be kept alone as they may become stressed and eventually show signs of aggression. They get along well with other animals, including cats and dogs, providing that they have been properly socialized from an early age.

Curly tail pigs are also known for their curiosity and strong problem-solving skills. This makes them a great addition to any family who likes to spend time playing and learning with their pets.

The Mental Capabilities of Curly Tail Pigs

The curly tail pig is a highly intelligent and curious creature. While they have been domesticated for centuries, they retain a wild nature and can respond quickly to threats and other stimulus from their environment. They are capable of learning simple commands and tricks and can even be house-trained by their owners. Despite being domesticated animals, they still have a mischievous streak, and they may try to avoid doing things that they feel are undesirable.

Curly tail pigs have the capacity to form strong bonds with their owners and with other animals in the household. They are often very friendly and enjoy interacting with humans, displaying a range of emotions such as fear, happiness, and more. When socialized correctly, they can make excellent pets.


The curly tail pig is an omnivorous animal. A diet of a mixture of vegetables, roots, fruits, grains, and protein sources is essential for their health and wellbeing. It is important to ensure that they receive a well-rounded and balanced diet in order to maintain optimal health and prevent malnutrition.

Vegetables such as leafy greens, cabbage, carrots, and squash should be included in their diet. Roots such as sweet potatoes, beets, and parsnips are great sources of vitamins and minerals. Fruits like apples, pears, and berries can provide vitamins and antioxidants for the pig. Grains and legumes such as oats, barley, and lentils provide complex carbohydrates to help with energy. Protein sources such as fish, eggs, and poultry should be included to meet their needs.

It is important to provide the pig with fresh, unprocessed food whenever possible. Cooked foods should be avoided as they may lead to digestive issues. The diet should also be supplemented with appropriate vitamin and mineral additives as recommended by your veterinarian.


The curly tail pig has a varied diet which can include vegetables, fruits, grains, and small amounts of protein. It is important to provide a balanced diet to keep the pig healthy. To achieve this it is recommended to feed the pig 5-7 small meals a day. The majority of their diet should consist of hay, oats and fresh vegetables like broccoli, carrots, and celery. They also enjoy small treats like apples, strawberries, and pears. It is important to avoid giving them foods containing sugar, salt, processed grains and proteins.

When choosing hay, look for hay that is soft, fresh and fragrant. Be careful not to pick hay with dust or mold as this could cause respiratory issues or other health problems. Oats and grains should have a high fiber content and be free from any foreign objects. Grains such as barley, wheat, and oats can all be included in the diet.

Finally, proteins should only make up a small part of the diet. Some sources of protein for the pig are eggs and small amounts of lean meats, so long as they are cooked and diced properly. Some pig owners will also supplement their diets with calcium and vitamin E for overall health benefits.


Curly tail pigs are active and inquisitive creatures. They are naturally curious and enjoy exploring their enclosures and surroundings. It is important to provide enrichment activities for the pigs to prevent boredom which can lead to behavioural problems. Activities such as hiding food around the enclosure, providing digging areas, foraging opportunities, chew toys and lots of interaction and games will be beneficial.

Curly tails are social animals and enjoy the company of other pigs and humans. They can form close bonds with their caregivers and owners and it is important to respect the trust that develops between them. Pigs can be trained and taught different commands such as ‘sit’ or ‘stay’. This requires patience and dedication but can be a fun and rewarding experience for both pig and its owner.

It is important to remember that curly tails are not domesticated animals and they may at times display dominant or aggressive behaviour, especially during mating season. It is essential to ensure that when dealing with dominance or aggression, that proper training and behaviour modification techniques are employed to ensure the safety of both the pig and its owner.

Behavior of Curly Tail Pigs

Curly tail pigs are social animals and enjoy spending time in a group. As omnivores, they have a wide variety of natural behaviors such as foraging, exploring, and playing. It is important to provide enrichment activities for them in order to keep them mentally stimulated, which can include providing root vegetables or other foraging items, setting up an obstacle course, or giving them access to a shallow outdoor pool.

Pigs are very intelligent animals and can quickly learn to recognize and respond to commands. They can be trained to do tricks and enjoy playing games with their human companions. Pigs are also known for being friendly and affectionate animals and make great pets.


Curly tail pigs are incredibly easy to breed, so it’s important that they are bred responsibly. The genetics of the curly tail pigs should be taken into account when breeding as different genetic combinations can lead to unexpected outcomes. As with other animals, it is important to breed from healthy animals in order to reduce potential health risks that could be passed onto the offspring. This includes looking out for signs of any common illnesses or parasites.

It is also important to monitor the number of litters a particular sow produces as a high number of litters can lead to complications or even death in some cases. Sows can have up to two litters per year, and the gestation period typically lasts four months.


When it comes to breeding curly tail pigs, a few considerations must be taken into account. First and foremost, it is important to ensure that the two pigs are unrelated to avoid any potential health or genetic issues. Inbreeding can lead to weakened immune systems and a decrease in fertility. Additionally, potential buyers should look for signs of a good breeding program that focuses on selecting pigs for size, coloration and temperament traits. The curly tail pig is a very popular breed and a successful breeding program should produce consistently high-quality animals.

Breeding should always take place with the help of an experienced breeder, as they will be able to identify any hidden potential issues and provide advice on caring for the pigs. Similarly, all potential buyers should ask for a clear record of the pigs’ health, any vaccinations, and test results such as fecal samples for parasites.


The health of curly tail pigs is a top priority for their owners. As with all pet animals, it is important to establish regular checkups with a veterinarian to help prevent any health issues that may arise. This is especially true for curly tail pigs as they can be more susceptible to certain parasites and infections than other breeds.

Parasite control is one of the biggest concerns when caring for a curly tail pig. These pigs are often exposed to various types of parasites while out in the wild, such as fleas, ticks, mites, and lice. Owners should take steps to prevent and treat these parasites on a regular basis by using vet-recommended products.

Vaccinations are another important step to maintaining the health of curly tail pigs. Recommended vaccinations include rabies, distemper, leptospirosis, and Pseudorabies. These vaccines should be administered regularly to keep the pig safe from potential diseases.

Finally, it is important to ensure that the curly tail pig has access to clean water and food, and that they are kept in a clean and hygienic environment. A well-maintained housing will help the pig thrive and enjoy life better.

Health of Curly Tailed Pigs

The health of curly tailed pigs is a major concern for owners. Many common parasites, including coccidia and mites, can affect these animals. Vaccinations against common diseases are often recommended to keep them healthy. It is also important to have regular veterinarian checkups and to practice preventative care.

Parasites can be prevented by practicing good hygiene, such as keeping the pig’s enclosure clean and ensuring access to clean water. Hog lice, which are common in wild pigs, can also affect domestic animals. These can be treated with lice shampoos or other topical treatments.

Vaccinations should be administered on a regular basis to protect against diseases such as Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome (PRRS) and Influenza A virus infections. Vaccinations should be administered according to the veterinarian’s recommendation for the particular area and breed of pig. It is important to be aware of any changes in vaccination recommendations for the area, as well as for the individual animal.

Preventative care can also include the avoidance of contact with wild pigs, as these animals may be carriers of zoonotic disease, or illnesses which can be transmitted from animals to humans. Additionally, keeping the animal in an enclosed, away from wild animals can help reduce the risk of the spread of disease.

Overall, the health of curly tailed pigs depends on proper prevention, vaccination, and regular veterinarian check-ups. Knowing the signs of illness, along with good hygiene practices, can help owners keep their pet happy and healthy.

When it comes to housing for curly tail pigs, there are a few important points to consider. Firstly, the size of the enclosure is important. These pigs need plenty of space to move around and explore. Generally speaking, the larger the enclosure, the more comfortable the pig will be.

The enclosure should be free of sharp objects or corners that the pig can get stuck in. The floor should also be soft for the pig’s feet since they spend most of their time walking on the ground. A wire mesh cage with an outdoor run can provide the pig with enough space to move around, however, it should be shielded from wind and rain.

The enclosure should also include items that can be used for enrichment activities as these pigs enjoy foraging for food and playing with toys. Things like burrows, nests, and platform can be placed in the enclosure to stimulate them mentally and physically.

Providing fresh water and hay should also be a priority as these pigs need fresh water to stay hydrated and hay provides a source of fiber. Adding a source of shade to the enclosure will also help keep the pig cool during hot weather.

Housing for the Curly Tail Pig

A suitable home for a curly tail pig should be large enough to provide plenty of space for them to move around and explore. The enclosure should consist of a sturdy fence that is high and dug at least two feet into the ground (to prevent escape). Inside the enclosure, there are several items that are recommended to create an enriching environment:

  • Bedding: Choose bedding that is safe for your pet such as hay, straw, sawdust or shredded paper.
  • Plants: Provide live or fake plants for the pig to root around in and hide in.
  • Hiding places: Pigs like to feel safe and secure. Sufficient hiding places should be provided such as hay bales, plastic igloos or natural debris.
  • Toys: Pigs are naturally curious and enjoy playing with different toys such as balls or chewable toys.
  • Food and Water Containers: Place food and water bowls in separate areas of the enclosure.

It is important to ensure that the enclosure is kept clean and free from bacteria and parasites. Regularly check the pigs health and keep them away from wild animals that may carry disease.


Caring for a curly tail pig requires dedication and commitment. They require daily routine maintenance such as cleaning and providing a safe environment. They should also have regular checkups with a veterinarian to ensure their health and wellbeing. It is important to care for their hygiene needs, such as brushing their fur and clipping their nails, to prevent infection or damage to the skin.

A balanced diet is essential for the health of curly tail pigs. Their diet should consist of fresh fruits and vegetables, high-quality commercially available feed, and hay. Providing enrichment activities such as offering treats inside puzzle feeders, hiding food, and allowing them to explore and roam around their enclosure also helps to keep them mentally stimulated.

Care of the Curly Tail Pig

The curly tail pig requires a certain level of care in order to remain healthy. This includes hygiene maintenance and regular checkups with a veterinarian. For hygiene maintenance, it is important to regularly clean out the enclosure and provide fresh, clean water. The pig should also have access to a dustbath or mud bath, as this helps to prevent parasites. Additionally, it is important to provide enrichment activities, such as a digging pit, to keep the pig entertained and stimulated.

It is also important to take the pig for regular veterinarian checkups. This is to ensure that the pig is receiving the proper nutrition and any issues, such as parasites, are identified early and addressed before they become more serious. In addition, it is recommended to provide regular vaccinations to the pig to help protect them from illnesses and diseases.


The curly tail pig is a delightful companion animal that requires proper care and attention in order to thrive. These animals have unique physical characteristics, diets, behaviour patterns, and health requirements that should be taken into consideration when deciding if this type of pet is the right fit for you. With the right level of love and care, the curly tail pig can provide years of companionship.


The curly tail pig is an exotic breed of pig that is known for its distinct physical characteristics and intelligence. It’s origin is believed to be from Central and South America, with some suggesting it may have arrived in Europe due to the Spanish conquistadors. The pigs have an inquisitive nature, and can live up to twenty years with suitable care. Their diet needs to be well balanced and their housing must provide adequate protection from the elements and other predators. They also need ample opportunity for enrichment activities. Breeding should only be done under the supervision of a veterinarian in order to avoid genetic issues. Health concerns such as parasites can be avoided through regular check-ups with a vet and prevention measures.


If you are looking for more information about the curly tail pig, here is a list of resources that you may find useful:


The best way to further your knowledge on the curly tail pig is to reach out to those that are experts and have lots of experience with the species. There are many resources available for you to do just that. Here are a few examples:

  • Pig Owners Association – A non-profit organisation that provides information and guidance on proper care and handling of pigs.
  • Pig Breeder Network – A comprehensive online resource for finding reputable breeders in your area.
  • Veterinarian – Speaking with an experienced veterinarian can provide invaluable insight and advice on how to best care for your pig.
  • Online Forums – There are many pig-related forums and websites where you can ask questions, learn from other pig owners, and share stories.

By taking advantage of all these resources, you can become an expert on the curly tail pig and give your pet the best life possible.

Additional Resources

If you’re looking for more information on curly tail pigs, there are plenty of resources available. Here are some helpful links to get you started:

These websites provide more detailed information about curly tail pigs, such as their diet, housing needs and general care. Be sure to check them out for more expert advice!

FAQs About Curly Tail Pigs

  • Q: What are the physical attributes of a curly tail pig?
    A: Curly tail pigs have a narrow, elongated head with long hair, small ears, short legs, and a short, curly tail.
  • Q: Where do curly tail pigs originate from?
    A: Curly tail pigs originate from Mexico, Central America, and South America. They are found living in the wild and as domesticated pet in many countries.
  • Q: What kind of temperament does a curly tail pig have?
    A: Curly tail pigs are generally friendly and docile animals. They can be quite active and love to explore their environment.
  • Q: What does a curly tail pig eat?
    A: Curly tail pigs enjoy a variety of fresh fruits and vegetables as well as grains, hay, and other commercially available feed.
  • Q: How much space does a curly tail pig need?
    A: The ideal enclosure size for a curly tail pig is 10-15 square feet with plenty of space to move around and explore.
  • Q: What type of health issues do curly tail pigs face?
    A: Common health issues that curly tail pigs can experience include skin infections, respiratory problems, parasites, joint problems, and lameness.
  • Q: How much care does a curly tail pig need?
    A: Curly tail pigs require daily exercise and enrichment activities to stay healthy and provide them with mental stimulation. Additionally, they need regular veterinarian check-ups, daily hygiene maintenance, and well balanced diet.

Leave a Comment